Hemp essential facts:
- It be grown naturally without herbicides, fungicides and pesticides
- Outdoor growing of hemp is possible on more than 50% of Earth’s land area
- Located in the stem are fibers, which are among the longest and softest natural cellulose fibers. They have better insulation, absorbing and durability properties than cotton
- It’s fibers are up to 4 times stronger than cotton, they also require significantly less water for growth and processing and based on the surface of fields they yield a greater amount of fiber
- There are over 25,000 products known that are made from hemp found in food, cosmetic, construction, automotive, aerospace and textile industries.
Hemp falls under the type of stem fibers, its fibers are long (100-300cm). The production of fiber takes place naturally, without the use of pesticides, herbicides, fungicides and insecticides, resulting in low production costs. It requires significantly less water than cotton for growth and the processing of fibers. Procedures such as spinning, weaving and knitting are held in a similar manner and with similar equipment as other natural cellulose fibers. Modern processing methods allow us to produce flat textile fabrics of different weights, weaves and softness, allowing the production of various products in the clothing, footwear and furniture.
As one of the oldest cultivated plants of mankind, it is distinguished by excellent mechanical, chemical and processing properties.
The most important benefits of its fibers are:
- exceptional durability and strength,
- breathable material,
- good absorption properties,
- good insulating properties,
- antimicrobial activity,
- UV resistance,
- abrasion resistance,
- resistance to rot and mold,
- easy maintenance,
- possibility of recycling.
The oldest found hemp fabric from 800 BC was found in China and is still well preserved. Hemp clothing with quality manufacturing is thus very durable and can be used for a long time.
Unfortunately, due to the increased interest in the chemical industry throughout history, its own development was stopped, but changes are being made, we’re saying that there is a hemp renaissance. More and more the impact of its good qualities is spreading to the food, cosmetic, construction, automotive, aerospace, paper and textile industries.
A few interesting facts:
- The US Declaration of Independence (1776) was written on hemp paper.
- The first pair of Levis jeans was made from it in California.
- Hemp paper is the most resistant and it does not yellow. The Gutenberg Bible was written on this paper.
- 80% of all textiles were made from it until 1820, when they invented a machine for removing cotton seeds.
- It can produce plastic products: cellophane, plastic, injection molded products, resins, 3D printable objects, and all of them are biodegradable.
- The first automobile made by Ford was running on hemp fuel.